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Material Selection

Working Process On How To Select Good Membrane Button Material

Selecting the right materials for each layer of a membrane button is crucial to ensure its functionality, durability, and aesthetic appeal.

A 3M tape, it‘s sticking on the back side of a membrane button.


Graphic Overlay

The graphic overlay is the top layer of the membrane button, and it serves as the user’s interface with the device. When choosing materials for the graphic overlay, keep the following factors in mind:

Visual Appeal

The graphic overlay should have a visually appealing design that aligns with the overall product aesthetics.


It should withstand frequent keypresses, exposure to UV light, and cleaning without fading or degrading.

Chemical Resistance

Consider the environment in which the membrane switch will be used. If it’s exposed to chemicals or cleaning agents, choose a material that is chemically resistant to prevent damage.


Depending on the desired user experience, you can opt for matte or gloss finishes.

In the context of membrane switch design, graphic overlays are often crafted from common materials such as polyester, polycarbonate, and polyurethane.

    • Polyester stands out for its exceptional durability, ensuring that the graphic overlay can withstand frequent usage without showing signs of wear.
    • On the other hand, polycarbonate is favored for its outstanding optical clarity, allowing for vibrant and sharp graphics that enhance the user experience.

These material choices play a pivotal role in both the longevity and visual appeal of the membrane switch’s top layer.

Material Technical Data Sheet

Tesa 51570 Tape data sheet
NITTO TAPE NBE D5331 data sheet
Autoflex EB PDS data sheet
F12340 - Snaptron Metal Dome data sheet


Spacer Layers

Spacer layers play a critical role in membrane switch design by delivering essential tactile feedback and determining the required actuation force when a user presses a key. These layers are strategically positioned within the switch’s structure to ensure that users receive a tangible response when interacting with the device. The specific material and thickness of the spacer layers are carefully selected to achieve the desired user experience, ranging from a soft and cushioned touch to a more pronounced and click-like feedback. In essence, spacer layers are fundamental components that directly influence the feel and responsiveness of membrane switches, making them pivotal in creating user-friendly interfaces.

Tactile Feedback

Different materials and thicknesses can provide varying levels of tactile feedback, from soft, cushioned presses to more pronounced clicks. Choose a spacer material that aligns with the desired user experience.

Actuation Force

The material’s properties, such as thickness and resilience, affect the force required to activate a button. Ensure that the selected spacer material meets the actuation force requirements of the design.


Like the graphic overlay, spacer materials should be durable and resistant to wear over time.


Circuit Layer

The circuit layer is responsible for electrical connectivity and ensuring reliable contact when a key is pressed. When choosing materials for the circuit layer, consider the following:


The material must be conductive to facilitate the flow of electrical signals. Silver ink or copper traces are often used for this purpose.


The circuit layer should be robust and resistant to wear and tear, ensuring long-lasting performance.


The customer required quick turnaround times for prototyping to evaluate the overlays’ appearance and functionality before moving to mass production.



In summary, material selection plays a pivotal role in membrane button design. Choosing the right materials for the graphic overlay, spacer layers, and circuit layer is essential to create a membrane switch that meets both functional and aesthetic requirements. By carefully considering factors such as visual appeal, durability, tactile feedback, actuation force, and conductivity, designers can craft user-friendly and reliable membrane switches for a wide range of applications.

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Our Value-added Solutions

Can make them resistant to dust, moisture, chemicals, or other harsh or demanding operating conditions.

Enhances visibility and usability, allowing users to interact with the switches more effectively in low-light or dark environments.

Metal control panel overlay makes membrane keypad extremely rugged, moreover metal overlay increase the aesthetic appearance.

A seven-segment display is seamlessly combined with a custom membrane switch, providing real-time feedback.

Provide electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding or protection against electromagnetic radiation and interference.

Precise tactile response can enhance the user experience, making it easier for users to confirm that a button press has been registered.

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