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How To Assembly Membrane Switch Circuit?

Table of Contents

A membrane switch assembled with circuit.
A membrane switch assembled with circuit.

Membrane switch circuit is widely used in various applications, such as keyboards, keypads, remote controls, touch screens, and medical devices. We will learn about how to assemble it on the membrane switch. First, we start with the manufacturing process for the membrane switch.

The manufacturing process for membrane switches involves several key steps. Here’s a general overview:

Designing Graphic Overlay And Circuit

The process begins with designing the graphic overlay, which is the top layer of the membrane switch. The overlays generally have some interface elements: graphics, marking, and buttons. The design is often created using graphic design software, such as Adobe Illustrator.

2 engineers are interpreting the specification before a computer.
Designing the graphic overlay - engineer interpretion on cusotmer SPC.

Here are some steps for designing a graphic overlay:

  • Keep it simple: A graphic overlay should be easy to read and understand. Use clear, concise text and simple graphics to convey the message.
  • Use contrasting colors: Choose colors that contrast well with each other to make the overlay stand out. This will help users quickly identify the different elements of the graphic overlay.
  • Consider the user experience: Make sure the overlay is easy to use and navigate. Use intuitive icons and buttons to guide users through the interface.
  • Test the design: Before finalizing the design, test it with users to make sure it’s easy to use and understand. This will help identify any issues and make improvements before launching the product.
2 similar membrane switch circuit diagram drawings.
Membrane switch circuit diagram drawing

Printing The Membrane Switch Circuit

In the production of membrane keypad circuit, the electrical pathways, known as circuitry, are usually applied to a flexible base using special inks that conduct electricity. This application can be achieved using different printing techniques, like screen printing or digital printing. These circuitry traces serve as the routes through which electrical signals flow.

A worker is sitting before the silk printing machine, she is printing the membrane circuit.
The worker is printing sensing circuit using a silk printing machine. Silk-screen printing is a common method used to create membrane circuits. In this process, conductive inks are carefully applied to a plastic substrate using a silk-screen printing process.

The integration of a circuit board is a key component in many electronic applications, offering a responsive and reliable interface. Paired with meticulous graphic overlay printing, this combination ensures a seamless fusion of technology and visual representation. Whether in consumer electronics or industrial controls, the collaborative performance of a conductive circuit and graphic overlay printing provides an efficient and visually cohesive user experience.

Workers are doing quality control to the membrane switch circuit.
The workes are carefully inspecting the circuit board through light box.

In electronic applications, printed flexible circuits play a pivotal role in ensuring smooth operations. Visual check control and quality tracking processes embedded within the system offer comprehensive oversight. These efficient, short feedback loops enable real-time monitoring, ensuring quality standards are consistently met across different contexts.

A Membrane switch circuit wiht force sensing pad.
A force-sensing resistor (FSR) is a resistive sensor that exhibits varying resistance in response to force applied to the sensing area. This typical conductive membrane switch is fully conductive when force is applied and contact is made. In contrast, an FSR can be in contact and maintain a high resistive state with light force in a “preloaded” condition.

Within electronic interfaces, the membrane switch is pivotal, especially when coupled with a touch panel for enhanced user engagement. The integration of a thin film pressure sensor and a flexible force sensor further refines the system’s responsiveness. This amalgamation delivers a neutral and versatile solution suitable for a wide range of applications.

An Fpc circuit board, it is assembled with meambrane switch tape.
An FPC circuit board is a flexible printed circuit board that is used in a variety of electronic devices. FPCs are made of thin, flexible insulating material with conductive traces on one or both sides.

The Coper PCB stands out for its adaptability in electronic systems, offering a versatile solution. When combined with a membrane switch, it enhances the flexibility of user interfaces.

A flat silver circuit.
A flat silver circuit is a type of printed electronic circuit that uses pressure to open and close a circuit, there are specific track patten on the flat polyester film, which is flexible and bendable.

Silver plays a significant role in the construction of membrane switches, contributing to their conductivity. When combined with flex circuit and wire integration, it enhances the overall flexibility and connectivity of the electronic system. This neutral combination ensures a reliable and versatile solution for a range of electronic applications.

Preparing The Membrane Layers

Membrane switches consist of multiple layers, including the graphic overlay, top circuit layer, spacer layer, and bottom circuit layer. The spacer layer may contain dome switches or other tactile elements. These layers are carefully prepared, often by cutting or etching, to ensure precise alignment during assembly.

A graphic overlay.
Preparing a graphic overlay for assembly. A graphic overlay is a printed layer of material that is placed on top of a membrane switch to provide a decorative and functional interface for the user.

Experience the epitome of tactile control with our advanced membrane button circuit technology, where precision meets functionality. Our membrane switches are meticulously crafted, featuring multiple membrane layers that seamlessly integrate to ensure responsive and durable user interfaces. Explore the possibilities of cutting-edge membrane switch technology, where every layer contributes to a tactile and efficient user experience.

Assembling The Membrane Switch

The layers are assembled in a specific order, with the circuit layers aligned to allow proper electrical contact. Adhesives are used to bond the layers together. The assembly process may include attaching the graphic overlay to the top circuit layer and aligning it with the bottom circuit layer.

Workes are assembling the dome switch onto the fixture, then this dome switch will be assembled with our membrane switch circuit.
Workes are assembling the dome switch onto the fixture, then this dome switch will be assembled with circuit layer.

Elevate your user experience with our innovative printed circuit at the core of a meticulously crafted membrane switch assembly. Our commitment to precision and durability is evident in every detail, ensuring optimal performance in diverse applications. The inclusion of a thoughtfully designed membrane keypad completes the assembly, delivering a user-friendly and responsive interface for enhanced control and functionality.

Testing The Membrane Switch

Quality control is a crucial step in the manufacturing process. The assembled membrane switch undergoes testing to ensure that all electrical connections are functioning correctly. This may involve checking for continuity, proper resistance, and testing the tactile response of dome switches if present.

A force test meter for membrane switch.
A force test meter is an essential tool in evaluating the performance of membrane switches. Through precise measurement techniques, it provides valuable data for generating a comprehensive report on the switch's functionality. This neutral process of force testing, using a meter to measure various parameters, contributes to the creation of an informative and objective report detailing the membrane switch's performance.

To assess the tactile feedback capabilities of a membrane switch, a systematic force testing procedure is implemented using a meter for precise measurements. This approach carefully considers the measurements within the membrane button, providing a comprehensive evaluation of the switch’s performance. The resultant data is then compiled into a detailed report, offering insights into the membrane switch’s functionality.

Final Inspection And Packaging

Once the membrane switch passes quality control, it undergoes a final inspection. This involves checking for any cosmetic defects and ensuring that the switch meets the specified design and performance criteria. After passing inspection, the switches are packaged for shipment.


The membrane switch circuit is a custom switch assembly that can open or close the conducting path in an electrical circuit and requires at least one contact made of or attached to a flexible substrate. Its assembly differs from traditional mechanical switches: a membrane switch’s construction consists of various thin layers sandwiched together using pressure-sensitive adhesives. Each layer in a membrane switch assembly serves a different purpose, and custom features require the addition of specialty layers.

Typical implementations arrange multiple membrane switches across its layered structure to form a keypad interface that allows human interaction to control electronic systems. Unique to membrane switches, they are the only switches that can utilize the benefits of flexible printed electronics. The layers of a membrane switch are normally assembled using pressure-sensitive adhesives, although inexpensive designs can be held together by other mechanical means, such as a keyboard housing.

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